Dear Mr. Editor:
The component units or commonly known to ordinary citizens as public corporations are essentially created by laws of the primary governments, in the case of the FSM, they are the local, state and national governments purposely to assist in providing necessary services to the general public or the people. It is the people that we, the component units and the primary government officials and employees, are in office to serve and we are answerable to them. The component units are established in a way to operate independently to make money and free from the influence of politics. The revenues generated, aside from the expense of their general operations, should be used to maximize their services and at the same time make sure that the costs of the services are not burdensome to the people.

Kpress Perspective - 18 NOV 2016

Whether or not it is an appropriate response, the world is still reeling from the results of the election that ended with Donald Trump as President Elect, a republican majority in both houses of Congress, and the potential that the US Supreme Court may also soon be controlled by Republicans. Many fear that in that political environment, President Elect Trump will be able to keep some of the promises and threats he made during his fairly brutal campaign for the Presidency.
Even before the election results were announced and Trump was announced as the winner, many FSM people living in the United States began commenting on social media that they now fear deportation after the new administration takes office because of Trump’s stated attitudes regarding immigration. Some were just kidding but some were very serious about their concerns.

NOV 2016 - A new report has been released from the University of Guam Marine Laboratory on the status of coral reef and fisheries resources in Chuuk State. The report, a synthesis of data and information from 2008 to 2016, was written by several agencies, including Chuuk Marine Resources, Chuuk Conservation Society, University of Guam Marine Laboratory, CNMI Coastal Resources Management Office, the Conservation Society of Pohnpei, Yap Community Action Program Marine Division and The Nature Conservancy Asia Pacific Program. The report summarizes two major natural disturbance events on Chuuk’s reefs over the years: 1) Crown-of-Thorns Starfish that prey on live corals and have been spreading across Chuuk since 2008, and 2) Typhoon Maysak. Both disturbances have led to a decline in corals, as expected, but the key theme in the report is how the reefs have responded.
Reefs with healthy fish populations were damaged less from the disturbances and show better signs of future recovery. However, many of the larger fish required for recovery are also being heavily fished, as these populations have declined at many sites across Chuuk. In addition, sea cucumbers have also decreased over the eight year period. Dr. Peter Houk, lead author and researcher from the UOGML explains, “While Chuuk Lagoon contains some of the most extensive coral reef habitat across Micronesia’s population centers, the impact of growing fishing pressure was clear.

Parties to the Nauru Agreement
Majuro, Marshall Islands 29 October 2016: How do you manage a multi-billion dollar fishery in nine distinct fishing zones with multiple nations fishing? Five years ago, it was mostly done with a hand calculator and pencil, and by transmitting data by email or fax. Today, the fishery that is generating US$400 million a year to nine Pacific islands is managed by the Parties to the Nauru Agreement’s Fisheries Information Management System (FIMS) that allows managers to know what is taking place in their fishing zone with a tap of their computer keyboards.

NOV 2016 - The Pohnpei Export Association or PEA was established in September 2014, with the goal to facilitate the export of agricultural and marine products from Pohnpei to importers located in regional destinations. Now, through the kind support and generosity of FSM Senator Ferny Perman, PEA has opened an office and recruited a Program Manager to further the work towards this goal. While exporting products made in Pohnpei helps to boost the state’s economy, the logistics of sending perishable items off island is complicated, involving: 1) identifying potential overseas buyers, 2) securing the necessary permits and licenses, 3) careful scheduling of shipments so items arrive at their destinations fresh and in good condition, and 4) dealing with the financial arrangements needed to cover freight costs and receipt of payments. PEA recognizes that most people who are involved in agricultural production and the harvest of marine products may lack the expertise to effectively deal with these export-related issues.
Late last year, PEA organized the shipment of a container from Pohnpei to Guam. In Guam PEA organized assistance to transship items to other destinations, including the US mainland. A number of exporters took advantage of this reduced-cost option to send their products. While the container did successfully arrive in Guam, some unanticipated delays resulted in some of the perishable items arriving in less than ideal condition. The effort did prove that such an arrangement is possible, but that extremely careful planning is essential.

By Petty Officer 3rd Class Justin Emerson, NMCB 11 CCAD Kosrae - NOV 2016
TOFUL, Kosrae. -- Seabees from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 11 Construction Civic Action Detail (CCAD) Kosrae, joined together with 7 Host Nation Apprentices to renovate a local elementary school house in Sansrik, Kosrae. The project consisted of renovating a 41'X17' school house which consisted of 1 class room, 1 storage room, 1 hall way, and 2 bathrooms.
Seabees deployed from Gulfport, Mississippi in August 2016 to Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) for 6 months to execute humanitarian civic assistance construction projects, host nation construction apprentice training, and medical community relation (COMREL) support, in efforts to increase the country’s infrastructure capacity, strengthen the US relationship with FSM, and develop grassroots relationships with the local populace. Renovating the Sansrik Early Childhood Education Center was one of the construction projects undertaken by the CCAD team, and began on September 12th.
Sansrik Principal Annang Welly, U.S. Marine Corps veteran, has been the principal at the school for the past two years. His perception of the Seabees work are as follows:
"We are very fortunate to have the Seabees here to work on our school. You guys turned a broken mess into a livable building, and I can't wait to move the kids into their new classroom"
The CCAD’s project supervisor (Petty Officer 2nd Class Chancellor Keeler) said,
"This was a great opportunity for us to learn our trade, cross train, and see the positive impact that our efforts have on the community here"
This sentiment was echoed by Constructionman Dominik Kosmaty,
"This was a great learning experience for me, I got to learn more of my trade as well as learn more about the other trades in the Seabees.” The Seabees of NMCB 11 take great pride in their ability to use their skills to improve the lives of others. Petty Officer 2nd Class Earnest Wilson expressed:
"This project was very rewarding for me personally because we turned a dilapidated building into a place where children can learn, and be happy to call it their school.”
A ribbon cutting with the United States Ambassador to the Federated States of Micronesia (Ambassador Robert Riley), Kosare State Government Officials, and Sansrik teachers and faculty is scheduled for the 14th of November.
NMCB 11 is a Seabee battalion specializing in contingency construction, disaster response, and humanitarian assistance. The battalion's homeport is in Gulfport, Miss.
The Naval Construction Force is a vital component of the U.S. Maritime Strategy. They offer deployable battalions capable of providing contingency construction, disaster preparation and recovery support, humanitarian assistance, and combat operations support.

larry wentworthSUPREME COURT of the FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
On October 5, 2016 a new Associate Justice of the FSM Supreme Court was sworn in at a ceremony held at the FSM Supreme Court in Weno, Chuuk. Larry Wentworth was nominated as an Associate Justice of the FSM Supreme Court by His Excellency Peter M. Christian, President of the Federated States of Micronesia, on June 2, 2016 and was confirmed by the 19th FSM Congress on August 2, 2016.
Hon. Larry Wentworth was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America and he was raised in New York, Illinois, Connecticut and Massachusetts. Mr. Wentworth, attended Thayer Academy in Braintree, Massachusetts. He attended Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio where he graduated with a BA degree in Political Science. He went on to attend and graduated from the New England School of Law with a Juris Doctorate summa cum laude. He graduated 2nd in his class of 250. Hon. Wentworth has written articles which includes, “The International Status and Personality of Micronesian Political Entities” which was published in the ILSA Journal of International Law (1992). The XYZ Affair of Massachusetts Prosecutorial Misconduct: The Curious Case of Commonwealth v. Lewin - ... published in the New England Law Review in 1991; and A Brief Historical Outline of the Treatment of National Minorities in the People’s Republic of China published in the Twin Bridge Journal Of Asian Studies (1975).

COM
November 4, 2016
Pohnpei, FSM—The College's Business Administration Division along with the help of the Center for Entrepreneurship held its fourth Food & Fashion Friday Festival (F4) at the Pohnpei Cinema parking lot on November 4, 2016.
F4 is a collaborative project that the division faculty uses as a tool to assess selected A.S. Business Administration programs and course student learning outcomes (PSLO and CSLO).
Students who are taking basic courses in Management, Marketing, and Finance, began their preparations as early as the second week of Fall 2016. They put together business plans, marketing plans, and cash flow projections. They also drafted their articles of incorporation. These preparations culminated in a one-day actual sale event during which the students showcased their knowledge and skills in the different functional areas of business.
The financial component of this collaborative project will later be handled by Accounting II students. They will record the business transactions and prepare the basic financial statements for some of the groups.
This semester, other programs like the Hospitality and Tourism Management, Public Health, Food Technology, Technology and Trades and Future Farmers Club joined the F4 and sold their products as well.
Assessment results of this activity will be shared with the college community at the end of this semester.

china donation

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 4, 2016
Madolenihmw, Pohnpei—At a 1:00 ceremony on the grounds of Madolenihmw High School and the Madolenihmw Municipal Government building, officials from FSM, Pohnpei and the People’s Republic of China gathered to ceremonially break ground for a new Multi-Purpose Gymnasium.
Mayor Petrick Ringlen said that the new center will serve as a social center for the people of Madolenihmw. The municipality has had dreams to build a Gymnasium for over 20 years and they are excited to know that within 10 months that dream will finally come true.

medicine workshop

By Pohnpei State
October 18, 2016
Pohnpei, FSM—The Pohnpei State Department of Health Services hosted its first traditional medicine workshop with technical assistance from the World Health Organization (WHO) Country Liaison Office (CLO) based in Palikir Pohnpei and its Regional Office (RO) based in Manila, Philippines.
The workshop was aimed at sharing a quick survey analysis assisted by WHO RO on the use of traditional medicine in the FSM. It was in response to Pohnpei State’s request for technical assistance for relevant Departments and stakeholders. It is also in response to the Fourth FSM NCD Conference that was held in Kosrae last year.

blue boat
By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 4, 2016
Palikir, Pohnpei—The FSM Supreme Court today revoked parole for Nguyen Van Dang, the Captain and Owner of Vessel QNG 96345 a Vietnamese “Blue Boat” caught and re-arrested in June of this year in Chuuk waters while harvesting sea cucumbers.
Over a year previous, Dang was one of several arrested for entering the FSM illegally. At that time, the court handed down a sentence of two years in jail and $118,000 fine for his various crimes which included entering the country illegally, transporting people to the FSM illegally and illegal fishing. Based on a promise that Dang would not return to the FSM, the court paroled him and allowed him to leave the country. In June of this year, he and the crew members and captains of three “blue boats” were arrested for the same types of violation. The trial for that violation has not yet begun.
For violation of his parole, Dang was sentenced to 624 days imprisonment, taking into account his time served, and $118,000 in aggregate fines.
The trial for this year’s alleged violation has not yet begun. Dang faces similar jail time and fines if he is convicted.
The so called Vietnamese “Blue Boats” have been a problem for countries throughout the Asia Pacific region. Painted blue, they are difficult to spot from the air or from the sea. They carry no tracking electronics as legal vessels are required to do. The vessels are ridiculously inexpensive and can pay for themselves with one lucrative fishing trip. Confiscation or burning the vessels has not served as a deterrent for the operators of the vessels who continue to plunder the waters of the Asia Pacific region. Operators simply buy another inexpensive vessel and get right back to business.
Dang was one of six men who were arrested and charged a year ago and who returned to the FSM illegally this year.

peterson

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 9, 2016
Pohnpei, FSM—At 11:00 this morning at Peilapalap, Governor Marcelo Peterson administered the oath of office to several people who will fill key positions in his administration.
Kapilly Capelle is the Director of the Department of Health. Nicholson Solomon is the Director of Department of Resources and Development. Jack Yakana is the Administrator of the Office of Transportation and Infrastructure.
Several board members were also sworn in this morning.
William Hawley and Etiny Hadley are now members of the Board of Directors of Pohnpei Port Authority. Mohner Esiel is a member of the Board of Directors of Pohnpei Transportation Authority. Maria Donre is a Board Member of Department of Education.

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 11, 2016
Palikir, Pohnpei—It has already been widely reported both in Washington D.C. and in some Pacific islands regional publications that the FSM has hired Capitol Hill law firm Arnold and Porter (A&P) LLC with a congressionally approved budget of $1 million of locally held funds for two years of service.
It is true that it is the most money the FSM has ever spent for a law firm to represent them on Compact and international issues. It’s also an unusual amount on Capitol Hill where $500,000 a year would be considered to be a small fee for the type of arrangement the FSM has made with A&P.
The firm submitted a Legal and Public Policy proposal to then FSM Ambassador Asterio Takesy on December 16, 2015. The proposal was not unsolicited. It offers to assist the FSM with its “legal and public policy goals in relation to the Compact of Free Association as amended in 2003, positioning the FSM for future negotiations with the US Government, and assisting the FSM in other international efforts.”

nett

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 12, 2016
Kolonia, Pohnpei—Over the last several weeks, several arrests have been made that center on use of land issues. All of the arrests involved people who had business licenses from the Nett District Government.
When we tried to contact the Nett District Administrator for comment on the issuance of business licenses for businesses operating on State or potentially Kolonia Town Government (KTG) land, the employee who answered the phone promptly hung up. The phone remained busy and we were unable to get a comment from the Nett District Administrator.
Over a month ago three women were arrested on the Dekehtik causeway by Pohnpei State Police officers. Their businesses were closed and they were told that they would be re-arrested if they re- entered the structures they had built on the causeway. The women returned and re-opened their businesses and were re-arrested on the following week.

birthday 01

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
November 3, 2016
Pohnpei, FSM—The FSM hosted a huge 30th birthday party for the Federated States of Micronesia today beginning with an afternoon parade from the Pohnpei government building to Spanish Wall. The parade was led by a host of extremely loud motorcycles, some belonging to Pohnpei State Police and others personally owned.
Sharp National State and Municipal Police officers marched as well.
Decorated vans with photos of President Nakayama and other FSM founding fathers also participated though it was difficult to see who was in most of them for the closed tinted windows.
Colorful traditionally decorated floats represented each of the FSM States and the College of Micronesia FSM. A prize for the best float was awarded. Unfortunately at press time over a week later, no organizers had responded to our requests for a list of those winners or any others.

christmas container

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
October 24, 2016
Palikir, Pohnpei—On the day of the celebration of United Nations Day, the Pohnpei Youth Council held an awards show at the College of Micronesia FSM China Friendship gym in Palikir.
The show which included performances by several singing groups including the ever popular Youth for Change group was held in order to present awards to the winners of a competition for high school and college students. Students made artistic and writing submissions on the subject of any one of the 17 Sustainable Development goals agreed to at that United Nations.
For high school students there were three categories, poetry, art, and song. College students could complete in an essay contest.

fish tournament

Pohnpei Fishing Club
October 16, 2016
Pohnpei, FSM—For most of the day, it was dark and stormy but the hard core anglers couldn’t be kept away from the Pohnpei True Value fishing tournament. 16 boats registered for the tournament and most had good catches. Every registered boat received a case of “Natural Light” beer.
The tournament was mainly a “big fish” tournament. Prizes were available for “lady anglers”. Since the ladies won the second, third, and fourth prizes for the biggest fish caught, and because of the “one prize per fish rule”, there was no need to award the “lady angler” prizes.
Konrad Englberger landed a 227.3 pound Marlin. That fish earned him a five piece outdoor furniture set valued at $2,485.
Marla Rospeihn Hawley landed the second biggest fish, another marlin, this one weighing 159.4 pounds. For that she won 12,000 BTU Air Conditioner valued at $795.
Mary Tretnoff also had a marlin that weighed 129.2 pounds. She won a washing machine valued at $725.95

englberger

Konrad Englberger handed over keys of a vehicle to Island Food Community of Pohnpei (IFCP) on October 25, 2016. Englberger’s mother-in-law, Doris Noellsch, who is still strong at 97 years old, generously funded the vehicle, printing of posters and shipping of equipment to the outer islands.
Konrad is the husband of Dr. Lois Englberger, who founded the non-governmental organization, Island Food Community of Pohnpei (IFCP) in 2004 and passed away in September 2011.
Lois and her team documented the remarkable diversity in traditional food systems in the Federated States of Micronesia. They documented, for example, 133 breadfruit varieties, 55 bananas, 171 yams and 24 giant swamp taros. And furthermore, conducted scientific research to test the nutritional content of these local foods, which many considered ‘just starch’ in the past. One of her published papers, for example, shows that giant swamp taro is rich in fiber, iron, calcium, zinc, and vitamin A carotenoids.
Dr. Englberger’s work laments the shift from a traditional diet of crops and fish to the consumption of unhealthy imported processed food, and with it growing health problems such as obesity and diabetes.
Island Food Community of Pohnpei (IFCP) continues to use Englberger’s research to promote local food for health using the slogan ‘Let’s Go Local’ and stresses the CHEEF benefits of local foods: Culture, Health, Environment, Economy and Food security. Island Food also discourages the less nutritious imported foods such as rice, sugary drinks and fatty meats.
Lois published many scientific papers on her findings on local food. For more information, see www.islandfood.org.

OCT 2016 - Busan, Korea: The value of mutual prosperity through ongoing cooperation and strategic partnerships between the Pacific Islands Forum and the Republic of Korea was reinforced during the 4th Korea-Pacific Islands Senior Official’s Meeting in Busan this week.
Recognising the strong relationship that already exists, representative of the Forum Chair, Mr Samson Pretrick of the Federated States of Micronesia said in his opening statement “I would like to congratulate the Government of the Republic of Korea for its clear demonstration of commitment to our region as a Post-Forum Dialogue partner.”
The talks focussed heavily on the Forum’s priority areas of climate change and disaster risk management, maritime and fisheries issues, and development cooperation.
Officials from both parties emphasised the importance of global action to address the negative impacts of climate change, and Korea was recognised by Pacific Island Countries for its active role in support of efforts to address climate change and as the host of the Secretariat to the Green Climate Fund and the headquarters for the Global Green Growth Institute.

jicaOn October 6th 2016, the FSM Department of Foreign Affairs welcomed two new JICA Volunteers to the Federated States of Micronesia. The new dispatched volunteers are Mr. Noriaki Murao (SV) for the division of Public Health at FSM Department of Health and Social Affairs, and Mr. Hirotaka Mori (JOCV) for Physical Education at the Yap Sports Council located in Yap. Mr. Murao will be contributing his pharmaceutical expertise to the Immunization Program under the Department of Health and Social Affairs, focusing mainly on vaccination of small children. On Yap, Mr. Mori will be dedicating his passion for physical fitness to train and prepare the young athletes of Yap for the upcoming Micro-Games 2018, with Yap as the host state.
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been dispatching volunteers to the FSM since 1989. JICA Volunteers have been assisting in priority sectors of Education, Health, Environment, Agriculture, Fisheries, Tourism and other fields. Currently, 18 volunteers (8 Senior Volunteers [SV] and 10 Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers [JOCV]) are serving in the FSM including the new volunteers. Most of them will serve two years in their respective posts. The aim of the volunteer is to develop a better life for the local people and community.
Best wishes to these new volunteers as they embark on their journey to share and promote their technical knowledge and skills, as well as enhance the mutual understanding between the FSM and Japan.

girls day

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press - OCT 2016
To the uninitiated or unaware, the scene in the early morning of hours of Pohnpei might have looked as if nearly a thousand rioters had taken over the city as what looked like plumes of smoke enveloped a huge crowd of people. In many ways it was a protest of sorts but it was a well-organized and peaceful one as hundreds of people walked or ran through the streets of Pohnpei for the plight of girls around the world. For one extraordinary morning, the participants and observers were thinking seriously about the issues that girls face.
The International Day of the Girl Child is an international observance day declared by the United Nations; it is also called the Day of the Girl and the International Day of the Girl. October 11, 2012 was the first Day of the Girl.

By Bill Jaynes
The Kaselehlie Press
October 26, 2016
FSM—For the third year in a row, the United States Trafficking in Persons report has listed the FSM’s efforts to curb the crime of human trafficking at Tier 2.
“The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so,” the report says.
During the reporting period the FSM had successfully prosecuted one man from Chuuk who supplied Chuukese girls to “The Blue House” in Guam under false pretenses. When the crimes took place, Human Trafficking laws were not in place in the FSM. He was convicted under criminal civil rights provisions, as the crimes occurred before passage of the national anti-trafficking law. He was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment to be served under probationary house arrest, due to the trafficker’s need for special accommodations not available in the correctional facility.

mct

At its 36th Meeting in Saipan and Guam from September 22-24, the US Coral Reef Task Force presented awards to organizations and individuals for their efforts and contributions to coral reef conservation in the US affiliated countries and territories. The Micronesia Conservation Trust (MCT) was one of the recipients of such award, “For developing a community-based climate change adaptation tool that integrates socio-economic linkages and traditional knowledge in the development of locally relevant climate change adaptation actions and community management.” The task force, co-chaired by the Department of the Interior and the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), includes leaders from 12 federal agencies, seven U.S. states and territories, and three freely associated states. Willy Kostka, MCT Executive Director, who attended the Task Force meeting and gave a presentation on sustainable financing around the Micronesia Challenge Initiative, accepted the award on the organization’s behalf.

nutrition 01

Who will ever think that in this beautiful island of Weno, Chuuk State, FSM, which I describe as a Paradise Island, many children are hungry and sickly? Due to severe malnourishment, some die unfortunately, albeit unnecessarily.
The Salvation Army has been actively operating in the states of Chuuk and Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) for 20 years. Through the years, the Army has focused mainly on the spiritual development and social services through distribution of material assistance and food parcels mostly to our constituents, their families and the bigger community during emergencies.
In our first of the three years that we have served in Weno island, Chuuk, we have observed that most of the children who attend our children’s meeting appear thin, pale, weak and slow in learning. Nine to ten years old children struggle to write their names let alone read and write simple words even in their own language.
Our study shows that these vital signs are caused by severe mal-nourishment. Majority of the children are lacking proper nutrition. The reason is that most families are not producing the right and balanced diet needed for children to be healthy and smart. We also observed that in some of our Sunday meal fellowship where members are encouraged to bring their local food, most of the food they bring include canned fish, processed meats and local food which are heavy carbohydrates like taro, yam, cooked banana, and breadfruit. One fisherman we have is selling his catch in order to buy sardines for their meal.

fishing video

Micronesian Productions received a grant from the Pacific Regional Environmental Office (REO) out of the US Embassy in Suva, Fiji, to produce a two part video series on illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing in the North Pacific. The video launched on Friday, October 14th during a meeting with the new US Ambassador to the FSM, Mr. Robert Riley. The two part series is posted to YouTube and can be accessed from the Micronesian Productions Facebook page. The videos can also be seen on ICTV in Pohnpei.
Executive Director of Micronesian Productions, Mr. Patrick Blank, said the launch will be promoted in each FAS country in the North Pacific by sending copies of the videos to all TV stations and Departments of Education in the Marshall Islands, Republic of Palau and the FSM. “We made these videos with the general public in mind but intend to get them played in schools across the Pacific so our children grow up knowing the importance of our fishery resources.”

pehlengSix months ago the Soumas of Pehleng village in Kitti Municipality, Mr. Wilber David, knew that his village needed some help to do a clean-up project, but he wasn’t sure where to look for assistance. He stopped by the Micronesian Productions office at the old MicSem building and sought some help to write a grant for the youth of Pehleng. Micronesian Productions was able to direct him to the Global Greengrants Fund that is administered by the Pacific Advisory Council and locally by Mr. Willy Kostka. The community received a $5,000 grant to do a community wide clean-up of their land and rivers, equipment to build community solid waste collection stations, and money to build a dry litter pilot project in hopes to attract more interest from the community to adopt dry litter piggeries and prevent pollution of the rivers that run through their village. It is a small project, but it has gained global attention since it became the 10,000th grant that the Global Greengrants Fund has made since it launched. Below is the email that went out worldwide from Nnimmo Bassey, the Chair of the Global Greengrants Board of Directors to announce this: